Tag Archives: Trump

DACA affects our community

By Jacob Kahn-Samuelson

Staff Writer

Donald Trump announced on Sept. 5 that he will not be renewing DACA and instead will let it expire; that decision created an ongoing legal battle that affects hundreds of thousands of immigrants across the United States, including many in San Jose.

DACA stands for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals; those who qualify for DACA are allowed to get work permits and are placed at the bottom of the Department of Homeland Security priority list, protecting them from deportation for a period of two years. (You can read more about the program on the USCIS website.)

DACA was a major part of the budget debate, and the federal government shut down for three days (ending on Jan. 22) because the two sides could not reach an agreement. The government was later reopened after a deal between the Republicans and Democrats that bought the two sides three more weeks to negotiate.

As of Jan. 24, Politico reported that Senate Democrats have agreed to not insist on having a DACA bill as part of the budget agreement, with the minority whip in the Senate stating, “We’re viewing [immigration and spending] on separate terms because they are on separate paths.” DACA, however, might still be addressed. As reported in the Washington Times, David Perdue, a Senate Republican from Georgia, talked about the possibilities for DACA: “I give the president high marks for bringing a focus to this issue, not trying to solve every problem relative to the immigration problem, but to focus this on the legal immigration system, and I think we’ve got an opportunity to do that.”

The significance of this decision is shown by Representative Tom Cole, a Republican from Oklahoma, who said in the Politico report: “The phrase used to me [is], ‘We’re six inches away from a spending deal.’ It’s just simply the DACA issue and the immigration question.” Before the announcement from Senate Democrats, it was thought that DACA was the major disagreement holding up the spending bill. Now debate continues on when Majority Leader Mitch McConnell might keep his promise to bring the issue up for debate.

Meanwhile, confusion about immigration law reigns. “Getting a green card is as easy as getting a driver’s license,” said Erika Rivera, an immigration attorney in the Bay Area, when asked about the most common misconception about immigration law.

Erika Rivera Headshot

Immigration Attorney Erika Rivera

She explained the requirements to qualify for DACA: “There are seven: Be in school or graduated from high school, college, have a GED or be honorably discharged from the military. You must come to the U.S. before you turn 16. You must be physically present in the U.S. on June 15, 2012. You must be physically present in the U.S. from June 15, 2007 until present day. You must be under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012. You cannot have been convicted of a felony, be convicted of a significant misdemeanor or be convicted for three or more misdemeanors. You cannot be considered a threat to U.S. national security or public safety. Lastly, you cannot have legal status in the U.S. as of June 15, 2012.” 

Ms. Rivera said DACA “has given 800,000 people work authorization, bringing more people into the workforce. I have clients who are engineers and clients who are working at Google. It has brought attention to the issue. It has changed people’s perception of immigrants.”

She said the economic impact of ending DACA will be “significant. On top of that, there is already a lot of fear from immigrants, and it has caused more fear from the immigrant community. If the government won’t be nice to the immigrant Dreamers, who will it be nice to?” 

Ms. Rivera said DACA changed her job: “When it happened, it made work a little crazier because people wanted to get in quickly. Now that it has been taken away, you have to be more creative and look for other statuses that your client qualifies for.”

She recommended that those who are facing the expiration of their DACA status take the following steps: “They should speak with an employment rights attorney so they can find new ways to work. They should also consult with an immigration attorney before the DACA expires. Basically ask questions and get help. Finally make an effort to put pressure on the elected officials.” 

Ms. Rivera said Donald Trump has made her job “way more stressful and adds a new element. I have spent more time calming people down.” When asked about the cause of the large undocumented immigrant population in the United States right now, she said, “I think it has changed over time but predominantly is economic. But more recently there has been increased violence.”

She was not optimistic about Donald Trump’s immigration policy legacy, saying, “I think it will be worse. He cancelled DACA and TPS (the policy helping the Salvadorans fleeing the earthquake). I think he will continue to find things he can act unilaterally on without Congress. I am scared we will see a large increase in immigration raids. I hope the Democrats win back the House and Senate and they can stave off some of his rigid immigration policies.”

On Trump’s justification for getting rid of DACA, Ms. Rivera said, “Trump’s justification for getting rid of DACA was claiming that DACA was never constitutional. Trump claims that Obama’s executive orders were unconstitutional about DACA.”

Ms. Rivera hypothesized about what will happen next with DACA:  “I don’t think a lot will happen. If they do something it will likely come at the expense of other groups. (Border Wall, Chain Migration, etc.) What’s particularly scary is Trump has been attacking the legal immigration policies. This makes me question who would be able to come. I understand immigration needs change, but it shouldn’t be blown up by Trump.”

Ms. Rivera added, “Immigrants in general bring a different culture and bring different experiences. They bring a good work ethic and believe in the American Dream.”

Ruby Ramirez, the program director for the organization Amigos de Guadalupe, said the large undocumented immigrant population in the United States has various causes: “The word is ‘need.’ Something that is interesting for me is that my background is my parents came from Mexico and were undocumented. My father was born on a ranch in Mexico. My husband was born in Mexico and was born in a city. For me, it has been very interesting to see how when I visit my father’s family they talk about needing to come to the United States. In my husband’s family are not interested in coming to the U.S. They are interested in vacationing in the U.S. but only for a few weeks. The difference I have noticed between the two is the need for jobs, education and health services. When I meet families who have left their country of origin, 90 percent of the families want to provide more for their kids.”

Ms. Ramirez said DACA has directly affected her job: “We have DACA interns that work here. So part of it is the ability to be able to work with those students. The difference between the work I can do with a student who is a DACA recipient and a student who is ineligible for DACA is the DACA recipient can do internships anywhere, and they can go to any college. There’s a lot of opportunity for the DACA recipients. For a Dreamer who will not be able to qualify for DACA, they will not be able to do the internships at large companies, and they cannot get opportunities outside of California. And students who will not qualify for DACA will have a mental health impact on them. There is a level of fear and depression that we have to address with the students. I believe that it is completely wrong that we are unable to look at a young person and not be able to tell them sky’s the limit.” 

Ruby Ramirez Headshot

Ruby Ramirez, program director for Amigos de Guadalupe

Ms. Ramirez offered advice to someone whose DACA is expiring: “Fight. The students that we work with, we are teaching them to have on their radar what is happening each day with DACA; they then report the information to me.  We talk about solutions, i.e. what will happen if DACA does and does not pass, to protect themselves and fight for what is right. And we are teaching them how to mobilize and bring their fellow classmates and neighbors and how to get together with other Dreamers around the United States. In order to build a movement, to pass legislation that will protect all undocumented immigrants.”

Ms. Ramirez then talked about immigrants’ effects on the community: “Immigrants affect the community like everyone else. We pay taxes and work. The U.S. culture exists because of generations of immigrants that have come into this country.”

Ms. Ramirez then talked about what she thought Donald Trump’s immigration legacy will be: “I believe that Trump will pass some form of immigration reform. I don’t know what will be inside of it but I think that we will see something. That in itself, the fact that he has a legacy on immigration (more detentions happening, removing temporary protective status for some countries, his whole talk about the wall), we will see the word ‘wall’ for the rest of our lives. But I think the wall symbolizes a president who wants the U.S. to be isolated from the rest of the world. And that idea will be his legacy.”

Amigos De Guadalupe Website Screenshot

The Amigos de Guadalupe’s website shows their programs.

Ms. Ramirez talked about the impact of DACA on the country as a whole: “Like was said earlier, it has allowed the youth to be part of the building of this country. Ending it, I think, will take us steps back. Trump will go, and we will continue to fight for legislation to protect the undocumented youth and family.”

When asked what will happen next with DACA, Ms. Ramirez said: “That is a really good question. I think it will get stuck in court. For some reason I don’t think Trump will get rid of DACA. I think on March 5th he won’t be able to get anything passed, and he will give an extension to DACA.”

On the biggest misconceptions about immigrants, Ms. Ramirez said: “That we are here to take something from Americans. That immigrants don’t contribute anything to our society.”

protectourcommunity English

This sign asks members of the community to report ICE activity.

Summit Tahoma Executive Director Jonathan Stewart explained the support systems for children at the school who are undocumented or whose families are undocumented: “We offer direct support for students when they are doing college and financial aid applications. That is the clearest example of how we directly support them.”

When asked about keeping track of families’ immigration status, Mr. Stewart said, “We don’t keep track of their legal status. I am not sure if by law we are allowed to keep track of their legal status. And us not keeping track allows us to stay out of tricky legal situations. Ultimately, we want to focus on to help the students learn and grow – the school’s goal is not to become involved with legal issues.”

When asked about the monitoring of ICE activity in the area and how the school would protect a student or family who ICE is looking for, Mr. Stewart said, “We don’t have protocol for monitoring that. We keep in touch informally with families. If anything does happen with families at the school, we are notified. I have been in  a group with other principals that involves the police. We meet monthly to discuss school safety and discuss any law enforcement that is relevant to the schools. No one has ever brought up ICE raids in the group.” 


Mr. Stewart, Principle at Summit Tahoma

When asked about whether or not Trump’s immigration policies have affected the kids or families at school, Mr. Stewart said, “Yeah, it has. There was a lot of concern among students and faculty about how it would impact people at the school. And his actions have concerned them further. In one case, a student’s mother is being mistreated by her employer but does not have much recourse because she is undocumented. Another person at school has a family member who is under threat to be deported, and it is difficult to do your best when you or your family member is at risk to be deported.”

Mr. Stewart added, “It has given some of our students that benefited from the program a boost when applying for college, because it gives them hope about the American Dream, and they can get the same support as their citizen peers. DACA just gives young people the space to imagine and work towards their future in the U.S. DACA ending might diminish the hope, but it will not take away from the hope. We are a hopeful school, and it will not take away the hope from the students.”  

Over email, Summit Rainier Spanish teacher Angel Barragan talked about how DACA has personally affected him: “DACA has affected me greatly, both in negative and positive ways. I am a DACA recipient and therefore I am able to teach, drive, pay taxes and more due to the privileges it brought me. Unfortunately I also have felt what it’s like to lose those privileges, back in 2015 my work permit was not renewed on time and I ended up having to leave the classroom for about a month. It was a devastating time not just for me but also for the members of the community I work for.”

Mr. Barragan Headshot

Angel Barragan, Spanish teacher at Summit Rainier

Mr. Barragan said DACA ending would impact him: “If DACA were to end, I would be unable to sustain myself or help out my family. I know there are students their families that are able to thrive because of DACA, so if it were to end we would all take a huge hit to what we are able to accomplish.”

“I think the biggest way that Donald Trump has affected me (besides DACA) is the perspective he has brought on undocumented migration. Even from before his presidency he was spreading some form of hate that pushes one group of people against another,” Mr. Barragan stated.

Mr. Barragan then stated what he thought Donald Trump’s immigration legacy would be: “There has a been a huge amount of hate that has spread since and it makes living under my label hard. I’m not sure what Trump’s legacy will be, I hope the country can look back in shame to an extent at how some of the racist point of views have gotten so far. I do hope love stems out of this, people coming together against bigotry.”

Artists oppose Trump

By Kai Lock

Staff Writer

On Nov. 8, 2016 our country elected a man who plans to build a wall between Mexico and the United States. That day half of our country wept in sorrow and half of the country celebrated in joy. People in the public eye began to use their position to help immigrants talk about the problems they would be facing.

Those of us who wept, which was most in my community, were truly confused as to why we would pick such a man whose next action would be to separate us and Mexico. Lots of people, including myself, in my community are part of the immigrant community, and we were confused as to why there were so many people ready to kick us out of the country and build a wall. This hatred toward us made it clear that we did not feel wanted in this country that has been our home for many years.

During this difficult time, the people who made us feel like we did matter in this country were the people who used their voice for good – the people who were very often in the spotlight. They used their voice to protect us and show us that there are others in this country who want us to stay. Those people are the people in the arts, music and theater program. They use the power that they have and they use it for the good.


Summit Prep’s wall of student art

Nurcan Sumbul, a Sequoia High School freshman who is in the theater program, said she believes artists should be allowed to say their political affiliation. “Artists are all about self expression, and that’s a part of their self expression, and they can turn politics into art.”




Cailin Wright, a Woodside High School freshman

Cailin Wright, a Woodside High School freshman, agreed that art can spark dialogue. “I have been in discussions with other people about certain issues or personal experiences I have had, and I have received a lot of positive feedback from people in my community,” she said.


Sumbul stated that artists should be able to protest against certain people because their message can reach more people.

Wright said, “Once again it’s their political belief; they’re entitled to the decision of whether they want to share it or not. And once again, so as long as they are not causing harm to another person, they should do whatever they think is necessary for them.”

When it comes to talking about what she thinks of artists who are publicly feuding with our current president, Sumbul said, “I think that is a good thing. It’s important so that Trump is not normalized and seen as OK just because people around you don’t dislike him, and if you see some stars bringing up things that make him look bad can give you a more well-rounded opinion of him.”

We then talked about if she had witnessed any examples of artists who have not been using their popularity as a good thing, and Sumbul explained, “Maybe, stars who use their popularity who abuse women. Chris Brown, Bill Cosby.”

I asked Sumbul if she thought artists were using their popularity to their advantage, and Sumbul responded, “Yes, they can endorse things. They can affect businesses, whether negatively or positively. Trump is an example that comes to mind.”

When talking about what she would she would do if she had the same power as artists, Sumbul explained that she would share her political opinions to get messages across that she thinks are important for everybody to know, such as voters.

Artists are those who are talented in music, arts and theater nationwide who are using their voice for the greater good. They give us a more powerful voice. They make us feel heard.

Meryl Streep won an award at the Golden Globes this year and graciously accepted her award, presenting a very meaningful and powerful speech. She gave a moving speech on why it matters that this country is filled with people all over the world. “So Hollywood is crawling with outsiders and foreigners. And if we kick them all out you’ll have nothing to watch but football and mixed martial arts, which are not the arts.”

She spoke about the foreigners in this country, and her words made it so that immigrants felt more visible and felt that we are important in this country.

Ms. Streep took to the stage and explained the responsibility that comes with being an actor, and the privilege as well, because she knows that she is being watched by millions all over the world. “We have to remind each other of the privilege and the responsibility of the act of empathy.”

Ms. Streep’s speech was one of the biggest moments in which an artist has made sure that the immigrant community is heard and allowed to contribute to this never-ending discussion of immigration.


Summit Prep’s mural, featuring the school’s Husky mascot

Donald Trump is our president and will be for the next four years; although that won’t change, we as a country have. This sudden change in power has shown the different sides of America, and that spotlight has shown the best side of the arts industry.

Featured Image (at the top of this post): Summit Prep piano that students will play during their break PHOTO CREDIT: Alexis Sanchez

President Trump’s travel ban affects Bay Area high school students

By Jon Garvin

Staff Writer

Xenophobia and anti-immigrant rhetoric were themes in Donald Trump’s campaign, and they continue to be topics of discussion as his administration progresses. Early in his term, President Trump and his administration put in place a temporary travel ban. According to the White House, President Trump released a ban on Jan. 27 to block citizens from Syria, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen in order to combat terrorism. On March 6, according to the New York Times, Trump exempted Iraq from the ban in part due to large protests at airports.

Many high school students in the Bay Area community were affected by the ban, and they have very strong opinions and emotions regarding the ban. The debate continues, as courts have blocked the bans, and they continue to inspire legal debate.

Here’s what members of the Bay Area community said when asked how the ban has affected them:


Anna Becker, a junior at Summit Preparatory Charter High School, shares her personal experience with refugees.


Left: Dina Bakour, a freshman at Carlmont High School, said, “Trump’s travel ban has affected me because people can’t enter the USA because of where they are from and their skin color. This makes me sad that not everyone in the world is equal.”

Right: Nicolette Bolich, a freshman at Notre Dame High School, said, “The travel ban has affected me because it makes me feel bad for the families who want to come to the U.S. to live a better life.”


Left: Bridget Britton, a freshman at Notre Dame, said, “The travel ban has affected me because it is racist and mean that he isn’t helping refugees, and he is being harsher on citizens from countries like Iran and Syria.”

Right: Dangelo Diaz, a freshman at Sequoia High School, said, “It hasn’t really affected me besides knowing that there will be less chance of terrorism in the U.S.”


Left: Angela Padilla, a senior at Summit Preparatory Charter High School, said, “It promotes a culture of intolerance against Islamic communities. As a person of color, that’s not something I support or want to see in our society.”

Right: Max Kolotinsky, a freshman at Kehillah Jewish High School, said, “It’s affected me by making me sad about how bad we can’t trust each other because of race and religion.”


Left: Jayden Hanan, a sophomore at Carlmont, said, “The travel ban has affected me because I think more people use this as an opportunity to be racist towards each other, which is wrong.”

Middle: Danielle Ellman, a freshman at St. Ignatius College Prep, said,  “The travel ban has affected me because I don’t agree with it, and it has opened my eyes to things I’m not aware of, like the inequality and unfair treatment of other countries.”

Right: Dara Cardona, a freshman at Summit Prep, said, “The travel ban has affected me because I know people who have come to the U.S. to live a better life, and I don’t think it’s fair for these countries to be restricted and not get a better life.”

Election sparks controversy and dialogue on Rainier campus

By Ariana Medina

Staff Writer

On Nov. 8, 2016, many students from all over the Bay Area felt a sense of hopelessness and sadness due to the election results; those feelings are still strong to this day on the campus of Summit Public School: Rainier. A small charter school located in East San Jose, Summit Rainier was one of the many schools that had a student walkout; in this case, at 11 a.m. on Nov. 10. The walkout was planned by a group of students, and the message was spread through social media. Roughly 150 to 200 students participated in this walkout.  

Leaders from the clubs Black and Brown Students United and Pan-American Voices were big supporters of the walkout. The leaders from each of these clubs shared how they noticed a negative emotional impact on students and how they’ve worked to address those concerns. 

Idris Alexander is a senior; he is currently the President of BBSU for Summit Rainier.

  1. What made you want to create BBSU? 

“I created BBSU because I realized there was a lack of black and brown empowerment and pride in my community, and I knew that I could be a great leader and create a space for people like me.”


Rainier senior Idris Alexander

2. Do you feel like this club is educating the students at Rainier about their identity?

“Yes, I do feel as if our club helps educate students about their identity. We try to understand and empathize with many cultures and learn what we can to teach.”

3. What did you know about the candidates prior to the election day? “I try not to follow politics because I tend to get really hot-headed and angry, so all I really knew was that he was better than the other and both were not that great.”

4. How did you and BBSU, as black and brown students, react to the election results? “Like most of my peers, no matter the race, I felt hurt and betrayed. As a black gay male, I felt naive to think that America had progressed from what I call classic America. I was disappointed to know that over a century after slavery there is still so much hate.”

5. How do you think having Donald Trump as president will affect people of color? 

“Having Donald Trump as a president, I feel, has caused POC to become pessimistic and defensive. We now, more than ever, automatically assume that people are out to get us, which is truly a sad way to live.”

6. What did you hope that the walkout would achieve?

“I knew the walkout wouldn’t get Trump out of office; I just wanted it to allow people to vent and to feel like this election has not silenced them, show them that their voice and opinions can still make a difference on society.”

7. Do you think the walkout met these expectations?

“I still feel like there was some confusion, but for those who fully understood the point of the walkout, the expectations were met. Maybe even surpassed because I notice POC students felt more powerful on campus and more confident in their ability to do and be a part of something progressive.”

8. Do you think it made students of color feel more safe and supported within the school community?

“I do feel that students feel safer and more supported because I feel safer and more supported. I know students that can come to me or my peers who also lead for any advice or to vent or anything. We are one big family here to support each other.”

9. Do you think there will be more organized protests that include the school community?

“I know there will be more organized protests, maybe not as largely scaled, but there will be more.”

10. How else can the school come together to make students feel like they have an outlet for support?

“More ways student can come together other than walkouts could be through clubs like BBSU and Pan-America, by having Socratics on issues they are against or for, even just asking questions and sharing the answer with their peers. Anything that starts a progressive conversation between students bring our community closer.”


Luis Morales is a senior and President/Founder of the Pan-American club at Summit Rainier.



Rainier senior Luis Morales


1.What made you want to create Pan-American?

“During the summer I signed up for a program called Chicano Latino Youth Project that was taking place in UC Berkeley. This program taught me more in-depth about how today we have a chance to receive a higher level of education. Due to that, I reflected on how Summit did not have a club in which it is focused on the voice of the students.”

2. Do you feel like this club is educating the students at Rainier about their identity? 

“I believe it has given them more knowledge on other ethnicities. I also truly believe it has given them a better perspective of their own identity.”

  1. What did you know about the candidates prior to the election day?

I knew that Donald Trump was dissing on many races, but specified more on Mexicans. I also know that he wanted to focus more on taxes, which on one hand benefits him, because in my opinion, I bet he hasn’t paid any. Clinton had many good ideas trying to make taxes fair on everyone. Attempting to make more jobs, housing, and all-around equality. However, lies like the emails did make me doubt her.”

  1. How did you and Pan-American, as Latino students, react to the election results?

“I personally was pretty mad, and still am. Not only for the fact that Donald Trump won, but also how many states could elect someone who has separated America a lot. I knew for a fact I wasn’t the only one, so, the day after the election, I held a meeting in which I let the club members and students not from the club talk. This talk slowly led to the school walkout.”

  1. How do you think having Donald Trump as president will affect POC?

“Donald Trump has affected POC ever since his decision to run for president. He has brought the inner hate hidden inside of people. He’s made many lose trust of others. I just hope we can build it back so that POC can live more in peace.”

  1. What did you hope that the walkout would achieve?

“For me, the walkout was never to seek or demand change. And I believe that’s where many people got it all wrong. For me, the goal of the walkout was to assure students and the community that no matter what the pelos de maíz says, we will stick together. Hence the chant, ‘The people united, will never be divided.’”

  1. Do you think the walkout met these expectations?

“Somewhat yes. However, I wish I could have built a panel, or some kind of educational system or presentation to tell the students the real reasons for the walkouts.”

  1. Do you think it made students of color feel more safe and supported within the school community?

“I do believe it has made them feel a lot better. But again, I feel like we still have a lot to do in order to assure that they feel safe.”

  1. Do you think there will be more organized protests that include the school community?

“Of course there will be. Now that we have made a first walkout, we know our flaws and where we can work on. Next protest or walkout will be better planned and coordinated.”

  1. How else can the school come together to make students feel like they have an outlet for support?

“I think the school could organize some sort of potluck or movie night or an event in which teachers and students get a time to talk to each other outside of the classroom. I believe this could potentially build a much better and safe community than it already is, and I truly believe that this could influence students’ positivity with others.”









Journalists feel the effect of President Trump’s perception of libel

By Amanda Ramirez

Staff Writer

Donald Trump might take action on his negative views toward the media by “opening up libel laws” during his presidency. Many times throughout Mr. Trump’s campaign trail, the public has noticed his libel threats upon journalists. One example is from a Donald Trump rally in Fort Worth, Texas on Feb. 26, 2016, which gave insight of his thoughts and plans for the media.

“I’ll tell you what, I think the media is among the most dishonest groups of people I’ve ever met,”  he said at the rally, according to Business Insider.

Business Insider also recorded that Mr. Trump went on to say, “I’m going to open up our libel laws so when they write purposely negative and horrible and false articles, we can sue them and win lots of money.

However, he contradicts his statement of “…we can sue them and win lots of money” by also saying, “With me, they’re not protected, because I’m not like other people, but I’m not taking money, I’m not taking their money” at the same rally in Fort Worth, Texas.

During this rally, Mr. Trump mentioned that he plans to change libel laws in the United States so that he can have an easier time suing news organizations for writing “purposefully negative, horrible, and false articles.” In order to understand what Mr. Trump’s future intentions of weakening libel laws are, it is important to understand what libel is in the first place.

According to the Student Press Law Center, libel is the publication of a false statement of fact that seriously harms someone’s reputation.

* What are the steps to sue for libel?  

  1. Has been published
  2. Identifies a specific individual
  3. Is false
  4. Asserts a fact
  5. Causes serious harm to a reputation
  6. Shows — at a minimum — that a journalist acted unreasonably, that he or she was somehow at fault.

Mr. Trump believed that he could sue the New York Times for an article written about him, but that article did not meet the libel requirements.

This threat to the New York Times began with a video from 2005 that recently went viral as it revealed Mr. Trump’s ‘locker-room banter’ and derogatory language to describe women. After the video surfaced, the New York Times released an article including additional claims of Trump sexually assaulting women.

After the release of the New York Times article, Mr. Trump’s lawyer, Marc E. Kasowitz, threatened to sue the New York Times for libel in a letter stating, “Your article is reckless, defamatory and constitutes libel per se,”

Considering this article “falls clearly into the realm of public service journalism,” as spokesperson for the The New York Times Eileen Murphy mentioned in a responding statement, The New York Times will not renounce the article from their website. In other words, since the purpose of journalism is to inform the public, it would be a disservice to hide these allegations from the people. Therefore, The New York Times will continue to stand by this article.

David McCraw, vice president and assistant general counsel of The New York Times, responded to the letter from Mr. Trump’s lawyer to explain why their article is not libel. In Mr. McCraw’s response letter, he argued that The New York Times cannot be sued for libel in damaging Mr. Trump’s reputation because he has publicly created that reputation for himself in other statements he has made.

“Nothing in our article has had the slightest effect on the reputation that Mr. Trump, through his own words and actions, has already created for himself,” wrote Mr. McCraw.

With these requirements in mind, Mr. Trump’s idea of libel in this scenario does not fit the true definition. Just because what the media writes might not always flatter Mr. Trump, as long as the information reported is proven to be truthful, journalists will be protected from Donald Trump’s libel threats.

Featured Image Photo Credit: Gage Skidmore / Flickr

How is Trump’s Cabinet going to influence government policy?


By Andres McLean

Staff Writer


President-elect Donald Trump is currently picking the members for his cabinet. Here’s what you need to know about that process:  


What is a cabinet? A cabinet is a group of leaders who advise the president on various issues.


What are the three branches of the United States government? The executive branch is headed by the president, and the president tells the officials how to enforce laws. The purpose of the legislative branch is to tax and pass laws, and the judicial branch is meant to review constitutionality. This means that federal judges and the Supreme Court have a role in determining if laws are constitutional. For example, the Affordable Care Act has been challenged many times in court by opponents who think that it is unconstitutional.


Who has the most power in a cabinet? Some of the people with the most power in a cabinet would be the Attorney General, Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense. It all depends on the issue, according to Summit Prep AP Government teacher Nick Howell.


Summit Prep AP Government teacher Nick Howell said students must examine the issues at play to decide who in a President’s Cabinet will have the most power. 


Who is the most important member of the cabinet? The power balance in the cabinet depends on the issue and what the country is dealing with, Mr. Howell said. The least powerful position is the Secretary of Education, Mr. Howell said, explaining that a lot of educational policies are made by local and state governments.


What is a government policy? Policies are a set of guidelines, regulations or laws that countries must follow. An example would be if we were talking about immigration, then there are certain rules and or guidelines for that issue, and executive branch officials are in charge of enforcing those policies. 


What is the purpose of a government? A government is a system to help a society to work and to help meet the society’s goals. 


Here’s an update, from the New York Times, on recent developments regarding confirmation hearings for President-elect Trump’s Cabinet positions.


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